When you have severe gum disease that has progressed to periodontal disease, your dentist may recommend periodontal surgery. A periodontal surgical procedure is designed to repair the damage that has occurred to your gum tissue and jawbone. The surgery is often performed after nonsurgical treatments have not corrected the problems.
Pocket Reduction Surgery
With a pocket reduction surgery, your dentist makes a few small incisions into your gum tissue in order to access the roots of your teeth. This allows the roots to be thoroughly cleaned and smoothed so that bacteria cannot grow on them. The jawbone can also be contoured in an effort to prevent bacterial infections. The gums are sutured back into place over the roots of your teeth.
Severe periodontitis may cause you to lose some of your jawbone tissue. A loss of bone tissue may cause your teeth to become loose or even fall out. With bone grafting, some of your own bone tissue or donor tissue is placed in the area where you have lost bone mass. The new tissue integrates with your jawbones to help strengthen them. The newly generated bone will help to keep your teeth in place.
Gum Graft Surgery
In a gum graft surgery, some gum tissue is collected from your palate or another part of the mouth and sutured over an area where you have lost gum tissue. This is done to reduce the sensitivity of your exposed tooth roots. A gum graft also helps develop the growth of new gum tissue where the existing tissue has degenerated. This oral surgery procedure is done under local anesthesia in your dentist’s office.
Call the dental practice of Joshua Ignatowicz, DMD today to learn more about periodontal surgery.